Air conditioning systems are essential to staying comfortable, especially during hot summer months. However, like any other appliance, they can experience issues and require proper maintenance to function efficiently. Staying proactive by scheduling ongoing maintenance services with an HVAC company is a great way to keep problems to a minimum and save yourself from experiencing a lot of stress.
Here are some of the most well-known issues impacting air conditioners.
1. Low Refrigerant Levels
Refrigerant is the cooling agent that absorbs heat from your home’s air and releases it outside. If your system doesn’t have enough refrigerant, it won’t be able to cool your home effectively. Not enough refrigerant is an issue that often stems from leaks in the refrigerant lines, which requires professional repairs to take care of this problem.
2. Dirty or Clogged Filters
Air filters help remove dust, pollen, and other airborne particles from the air passing through your system. Over time, these filters can become clogged, restricting airflow and causing your air conditioner to work harder than necessary. Regularly inspecting and replacing your filters as needed is key to keeping your system working efficiently.
3. Frozen Evaporator Coils
Evaporator coils help absorb heat from your home’s air. When airflow is restricted, the coils can become too cold and freeze over. This issue can be caused by dirty filters, blocked air vents, or low refrigerant levels. You will need to turn off your air conditioner and allow the coils to thaw before restarting the system.
4. Faulty Thermostat
A malfunctioning thermostat can often cause your air conditioner to run inconsistently or not at all. Check your thermostat’s settings, batteries, and wiring to ensure it is working properly. If the issue persists, consider replacing your thermostat with a programmable model.
5. Dirty Condenser Coils
The condenser coils in your outdoor unit help release heat absorbed by the refrigerant. However, these coils can become clogged with debris, and they can’t release heat effectively. Over time, this results in a decreased cooling efficiency, and your system can overheat. Regularly inspect and clean your condenser coils to avoid this issue.
6. Blocked or Leaking Condensate Drain
An air conditioner cools your home while removing moisture from the air, which is collected in a condensate drain pan. If the drain becomes blocked or the pan leaks, you may experience water damage or mold growth. Inspect your condensate drain regularly and clear any blockages to prevent problems.
7. Fan Issues
Your air conditioner has two fans: the blower fan in the indoor unit and the condenser fan in the outdoor unit. If either fan is not functioning correctly, your system’s efficiency can be significantly reduced. Common fan issues include worn belts, motor problems, and damaged blades. Contact a professional to diagnose and repair fan-related issues.
8. Duct Leaks or Obstructions
Leaky or obstructed ductwork can result in reduced cooling efficiency and uneven temperatures throughout your home. Inspect your ducts for damage, gaps, or obstructions, and repair or clean them as needed. Proper duct insulation can also help improve your system’s performance.
9. Electrical Issues
Wiring problems, circuit overloads, and other electrical issues can cause your air conditioner to malfunction or not turn on at all. If you suspect an electrical problem, contact a local HVAC technician to diagnose the problem and make repairs.
10. Oversized or Undersized Unit
If your air conditioner is not the right size for your home, it may struggle to keep your house cool. An oversized unit will frequently cycle on and off, while an undersized unit will run continuously without reaching the desired temperature. Consult a professional to determine the appropriate size unit for your home.
Being aware of these common air conditioning problems can help you maintain your system and avoid many of these issues. Regular maintenance, including inspections and filter replacements, is essential to prevent many of these issues from arising. If you encounter any of these problems, it is often best to consult a professional HVAC technician.
Controlled Climate Services can easily diagnose and repair all types of problems with your air conditioner. We can also take proactive steps to address any potential issues, as we serve customers throughout Kennesaw and the surrounding areas. Our company also specializes in heating repairs, AC maintenance, air purifiers, and much more. Feel free to contact Controlled Climate Services today to learn more!